Since pets spend most of their time moving around, they are prone to get injuries and diseases related to bones, joints, ligaments, muscles and tendons of the body frequently. These affect their ability to move efficiently and comfortably. Orthopedics is hence of immense importance as a branch of veterinary medicine. Modern orthopedics is concerned with the diagnosis & management of disorders of the musculoskeletal system (i.e. the bones and the soft tissues associated with it). A wide range of orthopedic services and surgeries can be provided including:
Full bone plating
Achilles’ tendon injuries’ treatment
Mandibular fracture treatment
Treatment of osteochondrosis of the shoulder
Bone tumor treatment
Atlantoaxial instability treatment
Cranial cruciate ligament tear
ACL and other ruptured ligament repairs
Broken bone (fracture) repairs
Hip dysplasia corrective surgery
Joint cartilage disturbance corrections
Limb amputations and much more..
Common Orthopedic Problems In Pets
Cruciate ligament tear: It occurs when the animal does a fast pivot when running or playing. This leads to misalignments in the natural structures of the leg in the animal.
Patellar luxation: It occurs when the kneecap fails to be held in the right position. Thus, causing it to slip out of alignment.
Osteoarthritis: It is a progressive condition in older animals from normal wear and tear of joints. It can result in severe disability in the animal.
Other sudden musculoskeletal injuries may also occur due to accidents like falls, fractures, gunshot wounds, etc.
Mechanism of Injury
Injuries may be blunt or penetrating. They may occur by external insult, such as a cut by a knife, or indirectly, such as a nerve damaged by the sharp end of a bone.
Types of Wounds And Their Closure/Treatment
Wounds may be superficial (abrasions, incised wounds, lacerations, deep wounds, contusion, gunshot wounds, haematoma, etc.).
According to their type, techniques of closure (suture, skin grafting, etc.) may also be different.
Veterinarian may order a number of tests to determine the extent and severity of a problem:
Veterinarians can offer a wide range of treatment options for your pet’s orthopedic care which may be conservative, non-invasive care or even surgery.
Osteoarthritis pain and stiffness can we helped with supplements, such as glucosamine and chondroitin.
Number of veterinary prescription medications are also used for this purpose.
Cruciate ligament injuries may require surgery to repair the ligament.
Similarly patellar relaxation can be repaired by tightening the feet of the knee cap within its group in any joint.
Hip dysplasia can be corrected with surgery but older animals with severe problems may require joint replacement surgery.
As with humans, pets often required physical therapy to improve improve functions as part of the treatment of orthopaedic problems
Pre And Post Operative Care
Pre-operative care helps in making the surgery go as smoothly as possible.
First step is discussing all the possible treatment options thoroughly so as to make an informed choice.
The night before the surgery, the caretaker must withhold all food after the final meal. However, there is no need to withhold water.
On the morning, take the pet for a walk but try to restrict the pet from all vigorous exercises including running around and jumping.
Make the pet feel more relaxed.
Post-operative care involves helping the pet remain comfortable and making sure that the wound heals properly. The full healing time may take months, so therapy and extra care are of utmost importance.